We all know that kidneys are one of the most important organs in the human body. It’s because they help us flush out and eliminate all toxins and excess salt from the organism. This is why you should take good care of them and cleanse them from time to time. You should also know that kidneys absorb some of the sodium and the harmful toxins from time to time – and sand and stones as well. But, did you know that certain drugs and medications can cause kidney damage as well? The answer is yes and you should definitely avoid these drugs in future.
Top 10 Drugs That Cause Kidney Damage
- Antibiotics – ciprofloxacin, methicillin, vancomycin, sulfonamides.
- Analgesics – acetominophen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID): aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and others available only by prescription.
- COX-2 inhibitors – celecoxib (brand name Celebrex). Two drugs in this class have been withdrawn from the market because of cardiovascular toxicity: rofecoxib (brand name Vioxx), and valdecoxib (brand name Bextra). These drugs are a special class of NSAID that were developed to be safer for the stomach, but have the same risk as other NSAIDs for kidney damage.
- Heartburn drugs of the proton pump inhibitor class, including omeprazole (brand name Prilosec), lansoprazole (brand name Prevacid), pantoprazole (brand name Protonix), rabeprazol (brand names Rabecid, Aciphex), esomeprazole (brand names Nexium, Esotrex). See Ref. 4.
- Antiviral drugs – acyclovir (brand name Zovirax) used to treat herpes infection, and indinavir and tenofovir, both used to treat HIV.
- High blood pressure drugs – captopril (brand name Capoten).
- Rheumatoid arthritis drugs – infliximab (brand name Remicade); chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, which are used to treat malaria and systemic lupus erythematosus as well as rheumatoid arthritis.
- Anticonvulsants – phenytoin (brand name Dilantin) and trimethadione (brand name Tridione), used to treat seizures and other conditions.
- Chemotherapy drugs – interferons, pamidronate, cisplatin, carboplatin, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, quinine, mitomycin C, bevacizumab; and anti-thyroid drugs, including propylthiouracil, used to treat overactive thyroid.